Analysing international policy processes and Lithuania’s role in them

Publications

The policy analysts and researchers at the Eastern Europe Studies Centre (EESC) regularly publish publications on international politics, security and geopolitics and Lithuania’s role in them.

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Review Apr 10, 2024
China review 2024-1. Elections in Taiwan. China‘s Reaction and Upcoming Challenges

The presidential and parliamentary (Legislative Yuan, 立法院) elections of the Republic of China (Taiwan) took place on 13 January without any major intrigue. Out of three candidates, Lai Ching-te (賴清德), the vice-president of outgoing President Tsai Ing-wen (蔡英文), was elected President of Taiwan.

Raigirdas Boruta
Review Apr 08, 2024
Fortifying Democracies: Lithuania’s Comprehensive Approach to Counter Disinformation and Propaganda

Lithuania is internationally recognised as a frontrunner in combating Russian information attacks. This is due to the country’s extensive experience of navigating complex relations with Russia – an authoritarian neighbour known for leveraging propaganda and disinformation to achieve its political objectives. The evolution of the sophisticated countermeasures in Lithuania is therefore informed by a history of direct engagement and the necessity to create innovative and effective response strategies.

Nerijus Maliukevičius
Review Apr 02, 2024
Russia’s disinformation in Eastern Europe: revealing the geopolitical narratives and communication proxies in Moldova

Control of the information domain has become a crucial element of a country’s national security and strategic strength, particularly in an era characterised by geopolitical uncertainties. In this global context, the manipulation of information to interfere in the internal affairs of other nations and to achieve specific strategic objectives has become increasingly prominent, especially when analysing autocratic regimes. These regimes often employ disinformation as a key non-kinetic activity conducted against Western liberal democracies.

Denis Cenusa
Review Mar 28, 2024
eFP in Focus: NATO’s Women, Peace, and Security Agenda in the Baltic States

On its 75th anniversary, NATO has seized the opportunity to update its policy on Women, Peace and Security (WPS), a commitment that was made during the Vilnius Summit in 2023. A greater focus on deterrence and collective defence is a necessary update as the last iteration of the policy, released in 2018, did not fully articulate how WPS principles would be integrated into this core NATO task.

Stéfanie von Hlatky
Bulletin Mar 15, 2024
From Ukraine to North Africa: how are the threats to NATO’s eastern and southern flank similar and different?

Threats to the southern flank do not represent such a direct, military, and imminent threat to NATO as Russia does on the Eastern flank, but they do endanger the security of NATO member states and regional partners as recognized in NATO’s Strategic Concept adopted in Madrid in 2022. Despite that recognition and the Alliance’s desire to pay equal attention to every threat in its 360° strategy, the eastern flank deserves much more attention in NATO’s planning than the southern flank.

Luis Simon Félix Arteaga
Research Mar 07, 2024
EU reforms in view of enlargement and economic security: towards an integrated approach to european self-transformation

Irrespective of the outcome of the European elections in June, the new political cycle for 2024-2029 will present the EU with a set of acute yet long-term challenges: Russia's war against Ukraine and its broader confrontation with the West, systemic competition between China and the US, the growing fragmentation of the global economy, accelerating climate change, and the technological transformation. The decisions made by the new EU leadership may thus have consequences for the next several decades of European and Lithuanian security, prosperity, and development.

Justinas Mickus
Bulletin Mar 04, 2024
The Unchanging Core: Russian Military Culture Examined through the Ukrainian War

As we mark 600 days in the midst of conflict and closely examine the behaviour of Russian soldiers in Ukraine, a critical juncture is upon us. The time has arrived to delve into the depths of Russia’s reform and modernization endeavours. In this unfolding narrative, we aim to unveil the essence of ‘Ivan’s War’ on Ukrainian soil. This inquiry poses compelling questions: can we truly decipher the unique contours of their military culture and, consequently, discern a distinct Russian way of war?

Joris Van Bladel
Research Feb 21, 2024
Classic Cleavages in a New Light: Chinese Informational Influence in the Baltics

Institutions and organizations researching and monitoring the informational policies of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) are observing a dramatic increase and expansion in the regime’s efforts to shape and influence the global information space.

Simona Merkinaitė Konstantinas Andrijauskas Una Aleksandra Bērziņa-Čerenkova Tomas Jermalavičius Dmitri Teperik
Bulletin Feb 21, 2024
Technological change in the war in Ukraine – what lessons for NATO allies?

NATO allies need to pay close attention to and learn from the war if they are serious about building up their own EDT capabilities. Specifically, NATO allies should draw three distinct lessons from the war so far. These are not about specific weapon systems, such as which drone has been the most promising, or how to integrate autonomy in the fighting process. Rather, they are more fundamental lessons and changes that the increasing use of new technologies have caused or enabled.

Ulrike Franke
Bulletin Feb 12, 2024
Moving NATO’s military power centre towards Central and Northern Europe. Poland’s political and military goals

The Russian invasion of Ukraine has been a defining moment for European security. It has been an attempt to introduce a new paradigm in European security with brutal military force in line with Moscow’s interests. Russia, together with China, aims to undermine the European and international order that was created and led by the US after the end of the Cold World War. Russian goals were presented in form of two draft treaties that included three major demands in December 2021.

Justyna Gotkowska
Bulletin Feb 08, 2024
Europe’s Contribution to NATO’s New Defense

The policy debate about NATO’s burden sharing tends to focus on European members’ reluctance or failure to meet the two-percent-of-GDP minimum defense spending target. Redressing the transatlantic budgetary misbalance is indeed warranted because of the possibility of a re-election next year of Donald Trump or a like-minded Republican candidate, who would use Europe’s under-spending as an argument for reducing or withdrawing U.S. support for NATO and Ukraine.

Henrik Larsen